While maintaining geophysical equipment placed out in the field, you may find some aluminum alloys are heavily corroded in case of contact with water (Or worst if battery leakage).
That can be the case when you return for maintenance and revision, maybe months after last installation or visit.
Pure aluminum is usually quite resistant to corrosion. But aluminum alloy castings are more susceptible of heavy corrosion. Aluminum alloys with other metals are meant to be stronger than pure aluminum. It depends on the type of alloy whether it is more or less prone to certain types of corrosion. In some cases corrosion would be so deep that may pass through the walls.
The problem here is how to treat the aluminum surface so it gets free of corrosion, clean and prevents future corrosion.
The treatment for aluminum is quite different on each case. For cosmetic cleaning, this is when aluminum surface has lost bright because of light surface corrosion, most people suggests using some kind of cleaning oil, or acetone or some petrol compound. For heavy surface corrosion, experts suggest the use of phosphoric or hydrochloric acid based cleaners, and other inhibitors of corrosion.
Treatment of extra heavy corrosion starts with mechanical removal, like grinding or other abrasive processes. You should take as much of the corroded material as practicable. For example, corrosion that enters holes or structures in the case. After removing corrosion we should be using chemical cleaners and inhibitors for the remaining corrosion. If the corrosion produced holes in the structure it may be convenient to fill those holes with aluminum solder. If big enough we should cover them with aluminum sheets and solder or rivet it.
At the end of the process we should cover the surface using anti-corrosion paints and protective coatings, in order to protect the surface from future corrosion under the same environment. It should be convenient to restore all permanent surface coating, not only what is restored, and have a thicker coating in the area or side that may receive more contact with the corroding substance.
Our example is a Güralp digitizer. It got contact with water on the floor and got some heavy corrosion.
Even though there was heavy corrosion in the bottom, we checked out and corrosion did not pass through the wall and the interior was healthy.
The base was heavily corroded, and corrosion had entered the boreholes of the case from the bottom base.
The case had to be grinded heavily, and the boreholes were cleaned with a driller and later with a hand rotary tool to grind irregularities in the holes.
After the practicable grinding, a the chemical cleansing was made. It was covered with permanent protective coating, and an extra painting on the bottom for extra protection.
Ready for use. Now it is back at Cathedral Hill in Maldonado, Uruguay.